Dangers of High School Football

English ??“ Composition 1302 SW2
November 7, 2011

Football Factories
For most high schools, football season is the most anticipated time of year. Devoted fans from across the city crowd the stadiums on Friday nights cheering for the win. Football Fridays give high school students something to look forward to at the end of the week; they are also a big distraction. Losing a football game, and especially a rivalry game which a community has worked hard in preparing for, hurts a school??™s pride. So much effort is put into hyping the football team that sometimes football players are overwhelmed with pressure. Aside from the stress of school, football players are pressured by the community, the student body, and their coaches into over working themselves with practice on a daily basis, and trying their hardest to win that sometimes, they??™re lives are put at stake.
Football is a sport which takes speed, agility, endurance, and power. Every day after school for hours at a time, football players are to run, and tackle for hours at a time in the 100 degree weather. Coaches push, and push the players to their maximum ability in order to have the best football team in the district. Without discipline, a football team would not be structured and therefore most coaches??™ form of discipline is more and more intense workout. Some football players are over worked under the parching sun that the result of that has been fatal. Football players been seriously injured from heat stroke, concussions, spinal cord, and multiple injuries to the body as a result of football. Spinal cord injuries resulting from high school football have left high school students paralyzed, and have left families with an immense financial and emotional burden. Concussions are also serious injuries the result from hard hits in high school football.
Concussions are the most common injuries that result from contact football. An article in People Magazine states that ???concussions will sideline at least 67,000 of the 1.1 million? high? school? football? players this fall, including hundreds who will suffer dizziness, slurred speech and confusion??? (Meadows 107). Concussions are injuries caused when the skull comes in full contact with somebody else and the brain crashes into the skull. The article continues describing the serious effects that concussions have on young high school students, ???In the long term? concussionscan cause extended memory loss, depression and other symptoms of brain dysfunction.? Even more alarming, while other serious injuries have declined in the past 10 years, the percentage of injuries that are? concussions? has nearly doubled,??? (Meadows 108). A concussion is almost a guaranteed at least once to every football player who decides to play all four years of high school. As serious as concussions may be, some football players continue playing the rest of the game for the sake of their team, and that is when their lives begin to be put at stake.
This makes a person wonder??¦.is having the best football team really worth the pain and suffering resulting from the death of an innocent high school student who was simply following the rules Football players tend to push themselves to the maximum of their ability to grow faster, and stronger and become a more menacing football player, In football, one goal for each individual football player is to become the ideal star of the team which is usually the most masculine, and fastest male and to become faster, and stronger takes a lot of hard work and practice under the sun. Coaches want their players to be the best and therefore push them farther than their own bodies can handle. Vomiting, and light headedness are only minor symptoms of a tough football practice. Although football has multiple negative effects and consequences on football players, it also motivates students to go to school, and pass their classes.
By law, in order to play sports you are obligated to be passing all of your high school classes and in some schools, it is required that you pass in order to attend any of the pep-rallies or football related events that high schools may host. Attendance is also a major issue in high school. In some high schools, in order to have pep-rallies or ???spirit days??? to hype up the football team, each grade level must have a certain attendance percentage with a low amount of tardies and absences. This could give students enrolled in a high school motivation. If high school students are rewarded with these kinds of events, they may be more motivated to attend and pass their classes, ultimately helping out the alarming dropout rates.
High school football causes motivation throughout high schools, and only sometimes results in physical injuries. Although injuries are expected to occur, they can result in extremely serious and permanent damage. The results of high schoolFootball can be an extremely dangerous, yet it serves as a very motivational sport and although it can cause major injury, it also keeps students interested in doing well in school.


Meadows, Bob. “Concussions.”? People? 68.15 (2007): 107-110.? Academic Search Complete.Web. 13 Nov. 2011.

???Footall High??? Video.

Dangers of Child Centered Parenting

Dangers of Child Centered Parenting
Parenting has, in many ways, remained unchanged for centuries. Most parental pairs have the same basic goals for their children??™s formative years. In the past, most families have run smoothly based on the fact that parents always know what is best for their children. In the 60??™s parents decided when to potty train their children and when to send them to preschool, today many parents are following a different philosophy. Child centered parenting is a methodology that encourages letting the child provide cues for both daily and long term goals such as potty training. What happens to the basic parenting goals as the method changes
What is the basis of child centered parenting According to the internet blogs, most followers of child centered parenting fear for their child??™s self esteem. To these parents the boundaries set by most parenting strategies, generally called self centered parenting, limit the child??™s development and cause self doubt. One blog, Loving Your Child dot com, claims, ???You must have noticed that children who live under too many restraints or are overly protected suffer from low self-esteem. This is a major disadvantage of self-centered parenting.??? The hypothesis is that by allowing children to make decisions for themselves they will experience success at an earlier stage, thus raising their self esteem. In practice, child centered parents often allow their children to
Dunn 2
make their own schedules rather than sticking to a daily routine and in doing so provide a ???yes??? culture within the home. This involves when they sleep and wake, when they eat, and can even cross into bartering or kowtowing to the child???s wishes. Proponents claim that by fitting into the child??™s life rather than making the child fit into the family??™s life creates a closer bond and greater understanding between parent and child. There have yet to be any credible studies on the long term effects of these methods.
While child centered parenting has been touted in books and our culture for the past decade, the backlash has also been forming. Those who disagree with these parenting strategies have some very credible points. Dr. Walsh, child development expert and author of “No,” Why Kids ??” of all ages ??” need to Hear It and Ways Parents Can Say It,??? has been particularly vocal with his doubts. According to Dr. Walsh, most of what these parents are doing is providing over inflated egos and pumped up self worth. These children are only receiving the simulated feelings of success rather than actually achieving true success. In ???The War on “No” Is “child-centered” parenting producing a generation of brats??? by Kathryn Alexander, he is quoted as saying, ??? If we are intent on providing our children with real self-esteem, we need to help them discover they have the internal resources to manage the negative feelings associated with the obstacles commonly encountered on the road to success: adversity, disappointment and failure.??? In laymen??™s terms, by molding to the will of the child they are not exposed to obstacles and will not learn the vital skills needed throughout life. These children also represent with a sense of entitlement and disregard for others. Dr. Walsh describes children without the limits of traditional parent child relationships as children who have lost the sense of
safety and organization of the world around them. Providing a balanced culture within the home allows children to the ability to understand and meet limits and expectations.
New parents since the beginning of time have had to decide what kind of parent they would be, and that has yet to change. Balance should be the rule when looking at successful parenting. The child centered strategy can lean on the extreme and being too strict can keep children from some important experiences. Resourceful parents can find many ways to offer their children decision making moments, such as what they want to wear and what games they would like to play. By allowing the children to take part in small decisions you are giving them chances to achieve true success. Using the traditional parenting method, clear boundaries are set and present the child with a concept of appropriate and inappropriate behaviors. Through blending the two strategies, parents can utilize the best of both worlds and produce a healthy and well rounded child.

Dangers of Cellphones

Chris Tisdale
English 11
The Dangers of Cellphones

Cellphones are tools designed to communicate in a convenient and safe manner. To the common cellphone user, this seems obvious, and they dont consider the dangers and downsides to owning mobile phones. The dangers of some things outweigh the benefits; are cellphones one of these devils in disguise Im going to discuss some of the dangers of owning and using these ???convenient??? tool.

Cellphones operate on extremely high frequency radio waves, far beyond the audible range heard by humans. These waves have not been in use for long enough to produce definite results in tests for ???long term??? health effects. Some unsettling, subtle clues that these frequencies will cause much more harm than good to the human body in the near future are seen in todays society. An example of one of these clues is a sensitivity to these waves, called EHS or ???electro-hypersensitivity???, a condition which exists in a small percentage of people around the world, Sweden being one of the leading bearers of affected people, with 3% of the population having reactions. Reactions to a cellphones signal to a person with EHS can be excruciating and of extreme inconvenience in a world of so many of these signals. This condition causes nausea and headache, and in severe cases, unconsciousness and heart palpitations.

Cellphones also are one of the leading causes of vehicle-involved deaths in the past decade, due to the massive explosion of cellphone use all over the world. Some countries have started employing laws to fight this problem. Canada is no exception, with severe penalties being put on drivers found to be using their cellphones, whether for talking or texting, while driving. Other countries such as China, Germany, France and many others, including several states in the USA, have started enforcing similar restrictions and bans on cellphone use while operating a vehicle.

The radiation from cellphones can cause the breakdown of barriers in the human brain, allowing the deposition of usually harmless chemicals into the brain, enhancing chances of cancer. Any kind of radiation is harmful in large enough doses; the big problem is that the world today is a sea of radiation, coming from everything from your refrigerator to your radio to the lights in your house. This constant shower of ???harmless??? radiant waves is causing a jump in cancer rates all over the world, cellphones being one of the leading producers of it. An example of this is the leap in numbers of brain tumors through the past dozen-or-so years thought to be caused by a cellphones radiation being put right next to the head while talking.

Another harmful condition being caused by cellphones is narrowed to their texting function, specifically in teenagers. Verizon wireless states that the average American teenager sends nearly thirty thousand, thats right THIRTY THOUSAND, texts per year, thats at an average of eighty per day. This intense repetitive use of the hands can cause musculoskeletal disorders, which could lead to temporary or permanent damage to the thumbs. This number will continue to grow, causing more and more of these debilitating injuries. Something as simple as communicating with friends should not cause physical harm to anyone, unfortunately it is.

Cellphones are viewed by most of the world as handy and amazing devices, many people saying they ???cant live without their phones.??? The brutal truth is that the population of cellphone users is going to have to learn to live without their constant phone companion, or suffer the sometimes painful and sometimes tragic consequences of the over use of these devices. Many will argue the point and say that their cellphones are tools, but in the same respect, a gun is a tool, and it can cause great harm as well. An epidemic is sweeping the nation, without much in the way of stopping it.

Dangerous People

Dangerous People



The goals addressed by the authors in this journal where the characteristics of offenders, child victims, and location offences. The author also looked at the nature of victimization and the fears in different age groups of children. CYPSS (Children and Young Person??™s Safety Survey), report data about child on child or young person offenses, this type of data lets us know that the perpetrator was an adult. Theft and assault tend to be committed by boys, whereas harassment and sexual assault are mainly done by girls. From the journal, it states that 9 year old to 10 year old boys are vulnerable and 15 year old to 16 year old teenager??™s boys come second. This group is considered more adult like and closely resembles their perpetrator and more likely will be victims to their peer group.
When measuring fear in a child, a child has to have more fear if they have had certain experiences that presented fear. Some children are just outgoing than others and fear is highly gendered (Deakin, 2006). Girls sometime fear being harassed and being a sexual victim. The limitation in the study showed that many diverse forms of victimization and variables.
In conclusion, research has focused on the victimization of young people outside the home and has paid insufficient attention to less criminal forms of victimization such as harassment and their relationship to fear expressed by children.


Based on survey data of 2420 children aged 9??“16 years from The Children and Young Peoples Safety Survey, this study focuses on the personal characteristics of offenders and victims, the types of victimization experienced in specific locations, and the range of fears expressed by the children and young people. The study revealed a significant link between experiences of victimization and higher levels of fear that appear to be gender-specific and bear a strong relationship to age. The results of the study have important theoretical and practical implications for preventing victimization and reducing fears and anxieties.


Deakin, J. (2006). Dangerous People, Dangerous Places: The Nature and Location of Young Peoples Victimization and Fear. Children & Society 20, 376-390

Dancing at Lighnasa

New Jersey
David Brearly was born in 1745 at Spring Grove. He attended but did not graduate from the College of New Jersey (later Princeton). He chose law as a career and originally practiced at Allentown, New Jersey. In 1767 he married Elizabeth Mullen.
In 1779 Brearly was elected as chief justice of the New Jersey Supreme Court, a position he held until 1789. He was 42 years of age when he participated in the Constitutional Convention. Although he did not rank among the leaders, he attended the sessions regularly. Brearly opposed proportional representation of the states and favored one vote for each of them in Congress. He also chaired the Committee on Postponed Matters.
Brearlys subsequent career was short. He presided at the New Jersey convention that ratified the Constitution in 1788, and served as a presidential elector in 1789. That same year, President Washington appointed him as a federal district judge, and he served in that capacity until his death.
Jonathon Dayton was born at Elizabethtown, New Jersey, in 1760. He obtained a good education, graduating from the College of New Jersey (later Princeton) in 1776. He immediately entered the Continental Army. Achieving the rank of captain by the age of 19.
During the 1780s Dayton divided his time between land speculation, legal practice, and politics. He sat in the assembly in 1786-87 and was chosen as a delegate to the Constitutional Convention. Dayton spoke with moderate frequency during the debates and, though objecting to some provisions of the Constitution, signed it.
After sitting in the Continental Congress in 1788, Dayton became a foremost Federalist legislator in the new government. He became a member of the New Jersey council and speaker of the state assembly. In 1791, however, he entered the U.S. House of Representatives becoming Speaker in the Fourth and Fifth Congresses.
William Houston was born in 1746. He attended the College of New Jersey (later Princeton) and graduated in 1768 and became master of the college grammar school. In 1771 he was appointed professor of mathematics and natural philosophy.
From 1775 to 1776 Houston was deputy secretary of the Continental Congress. In 1779 he was once again elected to the Continental Congress, where he worked mainly in the areas of supply and finance. Houston resigned from the college in 1783 and concentrated on his Trenton law practice. He represented New Jersey in Congress once again in 1784 and 1785. Houston represented New Jersey at both the Annapolis and Philadelphia conventions. Houston did not sign the Constitution, but he signed the report to the New Jersey legislature.
William Livingston was born in 1723 at Albany, NY. He attended Yale and graduated in 1741. Before he completed his legal studies, in 1745 he married Susanna French, daughter of a well-to-do New Jersey landowner. She was to bear 13 children.
In 1787 Livingston was selected as a delegate to the Constitutional Convention, though his gubernatorial duties prevented him from attending every session. He did not arrive until June 5 and missed several weeks in July, but he performed vital committee work, particularly as chairman of the one that reached a compromise on the issue of slavery. He also supported the New Jersey Plan. In addition, he spurred New Jerseys rapid ratification of the Constitution.
William Paterson was born in County Antrim, Ireland, in 1745. When he was almost 2 years of age, his family immigrated to America. His prosperity enabled William to attend local private schools and the College of New Jersey (later Princeton). Meantime, Paterson had studied law in the city of Princeton under Richard Stockton, who later was to sign the Declaration of Independence.
When the War for Independence broke out, Paterson joined the vanguard of the New Jersey patriots. He served in the provincial congress the constitutional convention, legislative council, and council of safety. During the last year, he also held a militia commission. Paterson was chosen to represent New Jersey at the Constitutional Convention. After supporting its ratification in New Jersey, he began a career in the new government.
In 1789 Paterson was elected to the U.S. Senate, where he played a pivotal role in drafting the Judiciary Act of 1789. His next position was governor of his state. During the years 1793-1806, Paterson served as an associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court.
The issues that were important to my state were
??? The current Congress was maintained, but granted new powers – for example, the Congress could set taxes and force their collection
??? An executive, elected by Congress, was created – the Plan allowed for a multi-person executive
??? The executives served a single term and were subject to recall based on the request of state governors
??? A judiciary appointed by the executives, with life-terms of service
Laws set by the Congress took precedence over state law
The New Jersey Plan was more along the lines of what the delegates had been sent to do – draft amendments to the Confederation to ensure that it functioned properly. It expanded national power without totally scrapping the old system. More over, it protected the small states from the large ones by ensuring one state, one vote. Paterson reported the plan to the Convention on June 15, 1787. It was ultimately rejected, but gave the small states a rallying point from which to defend their firm beliefs.

Dances with Wolves

Benn Yorke-Westcott
Prof. T Norris
REL 3308 UO4
Dances With Wolves
Dances with Wolves is the story of a Union Army Lieutenant who travels to the American frontier to find an army post and his dealings with the native Lakota Indians. Throughout the duration of the film certain religious themes are present and essential towards the development of the storyline. In addition to this the rituals and spiritual traditions of the Lakota Indians were especially interesting to someone with little or no knowledge on the subject. Themes such as racial tension, friendship and self-discovery were also explored throughout. As an individual who is deeply interested in spirituality and finding deeper meaning and understanding, this film had me captivated and made me think a great deal.
From the first scene, that depicts the main character John J. Dunbar, played by Kevin Costner leaving a battlefield between Union soldiers and a Confederate company, it was clear to me that this character was intended to appear blessed. As he rode between heavy gun fire from the opposing side he raised his hands to the air as if reaching out to some God and says, ???Forgive me Father???. During this sequence angelic music is played and not one bullet touches Dunbar. This immediately gave me the impression that he was intended to be protected by some divine entity and that a greater purpose was to be fulfilled.
This idea that Dunbar is blessed with a purpose was further reinforced during the scene when he goes into the abandoned Fort Sedgwick and a white dove flies out the window. It occurred to me that this was a reference to the Holy Spirit and Christianity and that as a white man this was probably his religion. This moved into thoughts that a Christian God was watching over the character Dunbar. This initial scene at the fort was also one of the most profound to me.
As Dunbar arrived at Sedgwick and realised that it had been abandoned, he immediately set about making improvements to the fort so that his living conditions would be better. During this time he begins to record his thoughts in a red journal that later becomes one of his most prized possessions. This scene affected me greatly as the character Dunbar began to revel in his solitude and become more in touch with his thoughts and his surroundings. It was appealing to me because possibly sometime in my future I may look to seek solitude from the bustle of civilisation and discover more about myself.
After this period of solitude, the main character comes into contact with a tribe of Sioux Indians and the film progresses into what I like to think of as the rebirth of John. J Dunbar. As Dunbar interacts with the Indians we witness some of their rituals and practices such as dancing around the fire in order for buffalo to come to the frontier as well as the smoking of the peace pipe. It also becomes clear to me that the Indians did not worship one sole God and that by contrast their style of worship was more a mix of pantheism and being animistic. They worshipped the land and gave thanks to it for what they were able to reap.
After mentioning the buffalo and the Indians affinity towards them, it is important to mention that at this time they were experiencing what can be called a drought and no buffalo were to be found. However as Dunbar arrives a great abundance of the creatures appear for the Sioux to hunt. This further strengthens my theory that Dunbar was blessed and also makes me think that they came because of him. It is also important to note that Dunbar was the only white man in the entire film that appeared to appreciate the buffalo and that they were a part of nature. This is seen by the slaughtering of the buffalo by white hunters for the use of their tongues and the way that the carcasses were left where they were skinned and rotting.
This is the first instance where we see that there was obvious tension between the whites and the Native Indians. After the discovery of the buffalo, the Sioux track and murder the hunters for revenge, much to the distaste of Dunbar who was now becoming one of the tribe. This theme comes to its peak at the end of the film when the Sioux battle the Union Army in order to rescue the captured Dunbar. However throughout the film it is an underlying concern for Dunbar and Kicking Bird, the tribes medicine man.
Touching on the topic of Kicking Bird, he is intended to be the friend character of Dunbar throughout the film. As the storyline progresses we see how their friendship evolves into a great respect for each other. They share their cultures with each other and Kicking Bird is greatly interested in the spiritual development of Dunbar. As Dunbar becomes more familiar to the Sioux he is even given the name Dances with Wolves and marries Kicking Bird??™s daughter Stands with Fist.
By the time the film is about to conclude, we have witnessed how John Dunbar evolved into Dances with Wolves and renounced his affiliation to the Union Army and the whites. He becomes a greatly respected member of the Sioux tribe and is forced to leave due to being hunted by the Union Army as a traitor. In the final scene he is seen riding into the forest with his wife and the wolf that had been the cause for his name is seen howling at the moon. At this point a completely different man is seen from the one that initially rode into the abandoned Sedgwick. This man is in touch with nature and his spirituality.

Dances with Wolves + Related Text

Through numerous texts, the outsider is constantly represented as a being whom sees too deep and too much of what society has been, what it is and what it will become. Within the film, Dances with Wolves, and the song, Where is the Love, this representation is all too relevant. These two texts, outline the outsider??™s overly critical nature towards society within a positive and negative light. However there is a fine line between these two texts when it comes to applying that critical thinking to bettering the ways of society by oneself. Therefore these two texts, explore the different levels the outsider represents by seeing too much and too deep.
Within the film, Dances with Wolves, the outsider becomes overly critical of white society to which it almost leads him to certain death. The notion of the outsider seeing to deep and too much in itself is a hazard to the outsider??™s wellbeing. Within the beginning of Dances with Wolves, a close-up of the bloody surgical utensils and a POV shot of Dunbar??™s broken foot, indicates the plight of our outsider. The impact of the moment indicates to the viewer how Dunbar, has seen and been through a lot within the civil war. The opening scene thus foreshadows both a change in heart and mind of our outsider, due to his experiences of seeing too much that in turn makes him think too deep. On reuniting with his ???outfit???, a soldier states, ???I sure dont wanna die out there with them cows???. Subsequently, mounts a horse, mutters ???forgive me father??? and charges towards the enemy in blatant suicidal attempt to escape his life and society. Though Dunbar lives, and is praised as a hero, his actions are results of him thinking too deep. Due to his past negative experiences within the civil war and through the soldiers statement, Dunbar sets his mind on ending his life to escape the negative conformities society has created. Therefore through the outsider, being Dunbar, seeing too much and thinking too deep of the war, he attempts to end his life; a feat concerned with one who bears too much on ones shoulders.
Relevantly, within the song composition, ???Where is the love??™, the outsider is defined as one whom is constantly critical of a decaying society, to which imposed mental stress upon him. Within the initial line, ???whats wrong with world mama???, the outsider is depicted as bearing so much thought and stress, he must consult a dead being to console himself. This stress is a result of seeing too much, ???People killin, people dyin, Children hurt and you hear them cryin???. Constant rhyme of ???killin…cryin…dying,??? emphasises the negative conformities as a result of a decaying society, perceived by the outsider. This in turn, affects the outsiders to think too deep and become constantly critical of society. ???Makin wrong decisions, only visions of them dividends,??? indicates the critical nature of the outsider due to constant deep thoughts. The allegorical nature of ???wrong decisions??? indicates the outsiders perception of a society that has made ???wrong decisions??™ at every turn, and thus its conformities have created a decaying outcome. These critical thoughts due to seeing too much, makes the outsider ???feelin down…feelin??™ under,??? a result of the outsider seeing too much and thinking too deep.


He let out a loud sigh as he bent over to clean the sink. All this moving around played a great toll on his aged back. He grunted as he finished cleaning the mirror-like white sink. As he stood up he turned his head to, once again, observe the heavy atmosphere lifeless empty corridor. The patients were all asleep in their chambers. Not even a mouse made a sound. There probably wouldn??™t be a mouse in private hospital that specialises in cancer research; the only one in this prosperous country.
The small clock hanging high on the plain white wall next to the elevator read 9 o??™clock. It was time for him to go to the ???Intensive Children??™s Section??™ for his daily chore; it was harder than cleaning behind toilet doors.
As he reached the main corridor, his heartbeat quickened. He always felt nervous when he reached this part of the hospital. Past memories flowed through his mind, bringing back shards of his memory best left forgotten.
He turned and in front of him stood a white sliding door. It was just like all the other doors standing in the corridor; just like a mirror. As he pushed the door, a high friendly voice greeted him like an old friend who hasn??™t seen him for a long time.
???Joseph! You??™re finally here; I??™ve been waiting for you.???
Her smiling face seemed so out of place… it was like the heavy atmosphere of the hospital had no effect on her.
???Are you going to read to me again Can you read this for me???
She handed him the book ???Scenery Paintings??™.
???I??™ve already read this three times for you.???
???But I love this book. I love seeing the places outside and hearing about what people do there! Read it for me again.???
Her huge brown puppy dog eyes dug deep into his heart.
???Fine, pass me the book.???
His face looked reluctant as he sat down next to her bed. However, when he started reading, a nostalgic feeling engulfed his mind. The dingy hospital room, usually so foul and cold, seemed to light up. A warm pleasant feeling spread throughout the room; like the warmth spread by a mother and daughter cooking dinner together.
In this moment they both felt a great sense of belonging. It felt like they were a happy family. Soon she fell asleep. She was smiling. So was he.
As he stood in front of the hospital room, the scene of ten years ago replayed, like a broken video player, in front of him.
???She has been moved to the emergency section of the hospital. I think it would be difficult for you to see her.???
Like a bullet, those words broke through his skin and pierced his heart.
???What do you mean Do you mean that she is she dying???
???Well, her condition was always bad… but now her condition has turned for the worst. She??™ll have to have an operation soon… things aren??™t looking good, the survival rate for…???
He turned away. He didn??™t want to hear anymore. He already knew. The survival rate for lymphocytic leukemia is less than forty-five percent. He knew all too well; a deep scar in his heart was about to be opened again.
???Please don??™t agitate the patient. Usually we don??™t allow visitors before operations because of safety reasons, but since you and the patient insisted so vigorously… you have ten minutes.???
She was going to have her operation today. This day was just like that one. To him this day was just a replay of what happened ten years ago.
The same overly upbeat greeting welcomed him into the room.
???Hey… how are you doing Are you in pain???
???Nah, they gave me some medicine so the pain stopped so I??™m all good.???
He slowly sat down on the chair next to the bed. All was silent. The silence seemed to engulf the whole room.
Bravely, she broke the silence.
???Hey Joseph… I lied. I don??™t have any parents. That??™s why no one except you came to visit me today.???
He already knew about her innocent lie. It was obvious that she was an orphan; she tried so hard to get the attention of all the medical staff. When she was by herself she always looked so lonely.
???That??™s why… when I die no one is going to care. No one cares about me. I have no one.???
He looked down. He wasn??™t good with situations like this. However, he knew that he had to do something.
???That??™s not true. I care about you.???
Her big eyes eagerly looked at him.
???Really. I have something to give you.???
From the ground he lifted a large rectangular board covered in a white sheet of fabric. Her confused eyes looked at the board. Bit by bit he revealed what was under the white sheet: a painting. It was a painting of a road through what seemed like a forest.
???This is amazing. Wow, did you paint this… are you actually giving this to me???
???Yeah, I planned to give this to you a while ago but… My daughter painted this.???
???I really like it! Thank you. It??™s so beautiful… I wish I can go there. The only place I??™ve been outside is the hospital garden. Now I??™m going to die.???
???No you??™re not! I promise you after your operation I??™ll drive you to through a forest just like that.???
He voice crack as he felt eyes filling up with tears. It has a very long time since he has been emotional, let alone raises his voice and cry.
She looked up, her eyes filled with tears too.
???I??™ve always thought of a place where you can lean on-to… even for a short moment, wouldn??™t that be a small Heaven Now I have you.???
The door slammed open interrupting their conversation.
???Chloe, it??™s time for your operation; time to say good bye.???
As Chloe turned to face him to say good bye he stopped her.
???There??™s no need to say something as pointless as that. There is no need for you to say anything.???
After exchanging one last heartfelt embrace, Chloe was wheeled towards the operating room. This scene looked like a recording of ten years ago.
Joseph prayed deep in his heart that Chloe??™s operation would end differently to his daughter??™s.


Participating in any physical activity comes with many risks of injury, dance being no exception. Professional dancers may seem like angels as they soar through the air and appear to be defying gravity as they leap. They have rhythm, flexibility and coordination, but unfortunately even the very well trained will experience injuries due to the nature of the movement demands.
Up to 80% of dancers report injuries at some stage of their career. As much as a third of these are the result of specific trauma, and 65 percent are overuse injuries. Conditions that affect dancers include muscle weakness, muscular imbalances, muscle ramp, muscle strain, shin splints, plantar fasciitis and stress fracture. Some of the most common being in the leg, foot, knee, hip and pelvis.
Some types of dance such as ballet are more injury-prone than others. Ballet has a very high incidence of injury because of the extreme stresses and demands of places on the body. Though any type of dance that involves repetitive impact on the body, gives dancers a higher risk of injury.
Some tips on how to prevent injury:
1) Stretch gently and always warm up with a few minutes of light exercise before a dance class.
2) Take time to properly warm up the major muscles of the body.
3) Cool down properly- It is extremely important to allow time for a proper cool down and more intensive stretching after class. This will prevent lactic acid build-up and any injuries that might occur if you simply walk out of the class and head on with the rest of your day.
4) Focus on proper technique-proper technique is a key ingredient in the prevention of dance-related injuries.

5) Crosstrain-Doing only one type of workout puts you at risk for injury, instead of only doing dance classes every week, get in a couple days of strength training, a Pilate??™s class and another type of cardiovascular workout. Not only will you reduce your risk of injury and you will get more fitter.
6) Wear proper footwear- you can prevent unwarranted injuries by investing in appropriate shoes.
7) Pay attention to pain-if you take care of a sore ankle when you feel the first n che sucks twinge of pain, you may need a wrap and a few days off your feet. Ignore it until you cant stand on your foot anymore, and you may require surgery and weeks of rehabilitation and time away from the dance studio.
Common injuries:
Muscle cramp- a painful muscle contraction usually felt in back of leg and front of thigh.
Muscle strain- causes tenderness of the muscle and possibly swelling it is caused by lack of flexibility and sudden muscle contraction.
Shin Splints -Shin splints cause pain on the front portions of the lower legs. Shin splints are caused by jumping on hard surfaces, improper landing, and poor flexibility.
Plantar Fasciitis-this condition causes chronic pain and inflammation to the foot, especially to the heel. Pain may also be felt in the arch.
Stress Fracture- Stress fractures cause pain and swelling, and usually occur in the shins or balls of the feet. They are usually caused by repeated jumping and landing. Female ballet dancers seem to be at high risk for developing stress fractures in the lower legs and feet. Dance injury
Sport science has taught us how to prevent dance injury. Remember to know the limitations and boundaries of your body,
take the time to warm up properly Proper dance shoes
are essential in distributing load, absorbing impact,
and supporting your foot. Use correct posture and dance technique also aids in the prevention of injury.
Remember proper technique and safety go hand in hand.


The stage is my sanctuary. My mother enrolled me in a ballet folkloric group at my school when I was eight years old. My mother??™s intentions were to make me aware of my culture???s traditions, but little did she know that she planted the seed of a beautiful tree that would have great power and significance in my life. From that point on, dance became my greatest passion. Dance has taught me to reveal my thoughts and what it means to be a leader. I have recently come to see how these lessons apply to my education.
Failure does not exist for a performer. A dancer can have setbacks while rehearsing for a show, but is able to fix them by practicing continually until that difficult step flows as easy as the rest of the routine. Likewise I encountered setbacks in my education during the beginning years of high school. I was a mediocre student who didn??™t show a consistent work ethic. My desire for knowledge was present but my ability to exhibit determination and diligence was absent. I was quickly falling down into a hole I was uncertain I could escape. I feared that my aspirations would stay dreams. My classes were a difficult step that I couldn??™t execute correctly. I began to attend office hours to review the topics discussed in class, to read for pleasure, and to study effectively. These became habits and led me to become a better student. I was gaining knowledge that I had always desired and learned to never leave my dreams behind but to push them forward even if they seemed unlikely.
Dance has taught me that a leader is not necessarily one who has the label of captain or president, it signifies someone who has the capability to influence others in a better direction and advocates their beliefs. I am one of the most experienced members on the step team at my school. Due to this I encourage and help many of the incoming steppers in preparation for a performance or in teaching them our step routines. When we are preparing for a performance, I am the architect of the team, who structures the formations and transitions of our routines. This is crucial to our show because it tells the performers where they will stand and how we will move across the stage to make it a winning performance. I may not be the captain of my step team, but the label hasn??™t stopped me from being an important character on the team.
Dancing involves being one with the audience. They cannot be something you fear; they must be your most trusted friend. Learning how to get over my trepidation of large crowds allowed to me be comfortable during classroom discussions. I am now able to lead class discussions and voice my opinion. It has helped me critically see controversies as more than just simple social ills. I believe that the young generation, myself included, needs to stop surrounding ourselves with circles and ignoring what happens outside of our bubble. These ideologies begin in a classroom discussion. This has made me a tolerant person that can intermingle with diverse people without feeling incongruous.
Diligence cultivates achievements, self-motivation leads to accomplished dreams. Life is like a competition. Everyday your determination and perseverance grows stronger in preparation for it. High school and college are only small steps in training for the day in which my goals will no longer be aspirations but will be reality. Dance has taught me lifelong lessons that I will keep on using.